Aryan Classes

Managing Director: Mr. Rajeev Chaudhary (B.Tech.: IIT Kharagpur)


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Civil Services






Syllabi for the Examination

NOTE : Candiates are advised to go

through the Syllabus published in this

Section for the Preliminary Examination

and the Main Examination, as periodic

revision of syllabus has been done in

several subjects.

Part-A Preliminary Examination

Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two


􀀠 Current events of national and

international importance.

􀀠 History of India and Indian

National Movement.

􀀠 Indian and World Geography -

Physical, Social, Economic

Geography of India and the World.

􀀠 Indian Polity and Governance -

Constitution, Political System,

Panchayati Raj, Public Policy,

Rights Issues, etc.

􀀠 Economic and Social

Development - Sustainable

Development, Poverty, Inclusion,

Demographics, Social Sector initiatives,


􀀠 General issues on Environmental

Ecology, Bio-diversity and

Climate Change - that do not

require subject specialisation

􀀠 General Science.

Paper II- (200 marks) Duration: Two


􀀠 Comprehension

􀀠 Interpersonal skills including communication


􀀠 Logical reasoning and analytical


􀀠 Decision-making and problemsolving

􀀠 General mental ability

􀀠 Basic numeracy (numbers and

their relations, orders of magnitude,

etc.) (Class X level), Data

interpretation (charts, graphs,

tables, data sufficiency etc. -

Class X level)

􀀠 English Language Comprehension

skills (Class X level).

Note 1 : Questions relating to English

Language Comprehension skills of Class

X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-

II) will be tested through passages from

English language only without providing

Hindi translation thereof in the question


Note 2 : The questions will be of multiple

choice, objective type.

Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate

to appear in both the Papers of

Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for

the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a

candidate will be disqualified in case 25 Employment News 31 May - 6 June 2014

he/she does not appear in both the

papers of Civil Services (Prelim)




Part-B Main Examination

The main Examination is intended to

assess the overall intellectual traits and

depth of understanding of candidates

rather than merely the range of their information

and memory.

The nature and standard of questions in

the General Studies papers (Paper II to

Paper V) will be such that a well-educated

person will be able to answer them

without any specialized study. The questions

will be such as to test a candidate's

general awareness of a variety of subjects,

which will have relevance for a

career in Civil Services. The questions

are likely to test the candidate's basic

understanding of all relevant issues and

ability to analyze and take a view on conflicting

socio- economic goals, objectives

and demands. The candidates must give

relevant, meaningful and succinct


The scope of the syllabus for optional

subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII)

for the examination is broadly of the honours

degree level i.e. a level higher than

the bachelors' degree and lower than the

masters' degree. In the case of

Engineering, Medical Science and law,

the level corresponds to the bachelors'


Syllabi of the papers included in the

scheme of Civil Services (Main)

Examination are given as follows:-



The aim of the paper is to test the candidates

ability to read and understand serious

discursive prose, and express his

ideas clearly and correctly, in English and

Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly

as follows :-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essays

Indian Languages :-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essays

(v) Translation from English to the Indian

language and vice-versa.

Note 1 : The Papers on Indian

Languages and English will be of

Matriculation or equivalent standard and

will be of qualifying nature only. The

marks obtained in these papers will not

be counted for ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to

answer the English and Indian

Languages papers in English and the

respective Indian language (except

where translation is involved).


Essay: Candidates may be required to

write essays on multiple topics. They will

be expected to keep closely to the subject

of the essay to arrange their ideas in

orderly fashion and to write concisely.

Credit will be given for effective and exact



General Studies- I: Indian Heritage and

Culture, History and Geography of the

World and Society.

􀀠 Indian culture will cover the salient

aspects of Art Forms, Literature

and Architecture from ancient to

modern times.

􀀠 Modern Indian history from about

the middle of the eighteenth century

until the present- significant

events, personalities, issues

􀀠 The Freedom Struggle - its various

stages and important contributors

/contributions from different

parts of the country.

􀀠 Post-independence consolidation

and reorganization within the


􀀠 History of the world will include

events from 18th century such as

industrial revolution, world wars,

redrawal of national boundaries,

colonization, decolonization, political

philosophies like communism,

capitalism, socialism etc.- their

forms and effect on the society.

􀀠 Salient features of Indian Society,

Diversity of India.

􀀠 Role of women and women's

organization, population and

associated issues, poverty and

developmental issues, urbanization,

their problems and their


􀀠 Effects of globalization on Indian


􀀠 Social empowerment, communalism,

regionalism & secularism.

􀀠 Salient features of world's physical


􀀠 Distribution of key natural

resources across the world

(including South Asia and the

Indian sub-continent); factors

responsible for the location of primary,

secondary, and tertiary sector

industries in various parts of

the world (including India)

􀀠 Important Geophysical phenomena

such as earthquakes, Tsunami,

Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

geographical features and their

location- changes in critical geographical

features (including

water-bodies and ice-caps) and in

flora and fauna and the effects of

such changes.


General Studies- II: Governance,

Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and

International relations.

􀀠 Indian Constitution- historical

underpinnings, evolution, features,

amendments, significant

provisions and basic structure.

􀀠 Functions and responsibilities of

the Union and the States, issues

and challenges pertaining to the

federal structure, devolution of

powers and finances up to local

levels and challenges therein.

􀀠 Separation of powers between

various organs dispute redressal

mechanisms and institutions.

􀀠 Comparison of the Indian constitutional

scheme with that of other


􀀠 Parliament and State Legislatures

- structure, functioning, conduct of

business, powers & privileges and

issues arising out of these.

􀀠 Structure, organization and functioning

of the Executive and the

Judiciary Ministries and

Departments of the Government;

pressure groups and formal/informal

associations and their role in

the Polity.

􀀠 Salient features of the

Representation of People's Act.

􀀠 Appointment to various

Constitutional posts, powers,

functions and responsibilities of

various Constitutional Bodies.

􀀠 Statutory, regulatory and various

quasi-judicial bodies

􀀠 Government policies and interventions

for development in various

sectors and issues arising out of

their design and implementation.

􀀠 Development processes and the

development industry- the role of

NGOs, SHGs, various groups and

associations, donors, charities,

institutional and other stakeholders

􀀠 Welfare schemes for vulnerable

sections of the population by the

Centre and States and the performance

of these schemes;

mechanisms, laws, institutions

and Bodies constituted for the protection

and betterment of these

vulnerable sections.

􀀠 Issues relating to development

and management of Social

Sector/Services relating to Health,

Education, Human Resources.

􀀠 Issues relating to poverty and


􀀠 Important aspects of governance,

transparency and accountability,

e-governance- applications, models,

successes, limitations, and

potential; citizens charters, transparency

& accountability and institutional

and other measures.

􀀠 Role of civil services in a democracy.

􀀠 India and its neighborhood- relations.

􀀠 Bilateral, regional and global

groupings and agreements involving

India and/or affecting India's


􀀠 Effect of policies and politics of

developed and developing countries

on India's interests, Indian


􀀠 Important International institutions,

agencies and fora- their

structure, mandate.


General Studies-III: Technology,

Economic Development, Bio diversity,

Environment, Security and Disaster


􀀠 Indian Economy and issues relating

to planning, mobilization of

resources, growth, development

and employment.

􀀠 Inclusive growth and issues arising

from it.

􀀠 Government Budgeting.

􀀠 Major crops cropping patterns in

various parts of the country, different

types of irrigation and irrigation

systems storage, transport

and marketing of agricultural produce

and issues and related constraints;

e-technology in the aid of


􀀠 Issues related to direct and indirect

farm subsidies and minimum

support prices; Public Distribution

System- objectives, functioning,

limitations, revamping; issues of

buffer stocks and food security;

Technology missions; economics

of animal-rearing.

􀀠 Food processing and related

industries in India- scope and significance,

location, upstream and

downstream requirements, supply

chain management.

􀀠 Land reforms in India.

􀀠 Effects of liberalization on the

economy, changes in industrial

policy and their effects on industrial


􀀠 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports,

Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

􀀠 Investment models.

􀀠 Science and Technology- developments

and their applications

and effects in everyday life

􀀠 Achievements of Indians in science

& technology; indigenization

of technology and developing new


􀀠 Awareness in the fields of IT,

Space, Computers, robotics,

nano-technology, bio-technology

and issues relating to intellectual

property rights.

􀀠 Conservation, environmental pollution

and degradation, environmental

impact assessment

􀀠 Disaster and disaster management.

􀀠 Linkages between development

and spread of extremism.

􀀠 Role of external state and nonstate

actors in creating challenges

to internal security.

􀀠 Challenges to internal security

through communication networks,

role of media and social networking

sites in internal security challenges,

basics of cyber security;

money-laundering and its prevention

􀀠 Security challenges and their

management in border areas;

linkages of organized crime with


􀀠 Various Security forces and agencies

and their mandate


General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity,

and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test

the candidates' attitude and approach to

issues relating to integrity, probity in public

life and his problem solving approach

to various issues and conflicts faced by

him in dealing with society. Questions

may utilise the case study approach to

determine these aspects. The following

broad areas will be covered.

􀀠 Ethics and Human Interface:

Essence, determinants and consequences

of Ethics in human

actions; dimensions of ethics;

ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values - lessons

from the lives and teachings

of great leaders, reformers and

administrators; role of family, society

and educational institutions in

inculcating values.

􀀠 Attitude: content, structure, function;

its influence and relation with

thought and behaviour; moral and

political attitudes; social influence

and persuasion.

􀀠 Aptitude and foundational values

for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality

and non-partisanship, objectivity,

dedication to public service,

empathy, tolerance and compassion

towards the weaker-sections.

􀀠 Emotional intelligence-concepts,

and their utilities and application in

administration and governance.

􀀠 Contributions of moral thinkers and

philosophers from India and world.

􀀠 Public/Civil service values and

Ethics in Public administration:

Status and problems; ethical concerns

and dilemmas in government

and private institutions; laws,

rules, regulations and conscience

as sources of ethical guidance;

accountability and ethical governance;

strengthening of ethical

and moral values in governance;

ethical issues in international relations

and funding; corporate governance.

􀀠 Probity in Governance: Concept of

public service; Philosophical basis

of governance and probity;

Information sharing and transparency

in government, Right to

Information, Codes of Ethics,

Codes of Conduct, Citizen's

Charters, Work culture, Quality of

service delivery, Utilization of public

funds, challenges of corruption.

􀀠 Case Studies on above issues.


2. List of optional subjects for Main


(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary


(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International


(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology

(xxv) Literature of any one of the following


Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri,

Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri,

Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri,

Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit,

Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and




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